Essay On Atma Nirbhar Bharat

Short Essay On Atma Nirbhar Bharat

Atma Nirbhar Bharat, or “Self-Reliant India,” is a slogan that represents India’s vision of becoming a self-sufficient and economically independent nation. This initiative was launched by the government of India in response to the global economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Atma Nirbhar Bharat aims to boost India’s manufacturing sector, increase the country’s competitiveness in the global market, and create new employment opportunities for the people of India. The initiative focuses on promoting local products, supporting small businesses, and investing in research and development to create new technologies and products.

One of the key pillars of Atma Nirbhar Bharat is to make India a hub for global supply chains. This requires upgrading and modernizing the country’s infrastructure, improving the ease of doing business, and reducing the dependence on imports. This will not only create new job opportunities but also make India more resilient in the face of global economic challenges.

Another important aspect of the Atma Nirbhar Bharat initiative is to empower India’s small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). SMEs are the backbone of the Indian economy, and the initiative aims to provide them with the necessary support and resources to grow and compete in the global market. This includes access to capital, technology, and market opportunities.

In conclusion, Atma Nirbhar Bharat is a visionary initiative that aims to make India a self-sufficient and economically independent nation. By promoting local products, supporting small businesses, and investing in research and development, the initiative seeks to create new employment opportunities, reduce dependence on imports, and make India a hub for global supply chains. It is a call to action for all citizens of India to work towards building a stronger, more resilient, and self-reliant nation.

Long Essay On Atma Nirbhar Bharat

The concept of ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ has become the mantra of India’s development strategy in recent times. It is a vision to be self-reliant and reduce dependence on foreign imports, while simultaneously fostering innovation and entrepreneurship. In this essay, we will explore the meaning behind Atma Nirbhar Bharat, its objectives and policy initiatives, as well as its potential implications for India’s socio-economic progress. Read on to find out more!

Introduction to Atma Nirbhar Bharat

The term ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ has been used in various contexts but it essentially means ‘self-reliant India’. The idea of Atma Nirbhar Bharat is not new. It was first propounded by our founding fathers who envisaged an India that was self-sufficient and had the ability to meet all its own needs. The concept gained traction in recent years due to the government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative which aimed to make India a manufacturing powerhouse and reduce its dependence on imports.

The Covid-19 pandemic has brought the issue of Atma Nirbhar Bharat back into the spotlight as the country faces an unprecedented economic crisis. The lockdown has resulted in a complete shutdown of businesses and industries leading to a sharp decline in GDP growth. In such a scenario, it is imperative that we focus on boosting our indigenous manufacturing capabilities so that we are not reliant on other countries for essential goods and services.

There are many advantages to becoming self-reliant. Firstly, it would boost employment as more jobs would be created in the domestic market. Secondly, it would lead to an increase in tax revenue which could be used for development purposes. Thirdly, it would help us become less dependent on other countries which might not always have our best interests at heart. Finally, it would instil a sense of pride and confidence in our citizens as they would know that they are capable of achieving

Meaning of the term “Atma Nirbhar”

The Sanskrit term “Atma Nirbhar” means “self-reliant”. It is often used to describe a person or a country that is self-sufficient and does not rely on others for help or assistance. The term is often used in the context of economic development, where a country seeks to become self-reliant and reduce its dependence on foreign aid or trade. In the political arena, the term is sometimes used to describe a nation that is not reliant on other nations for its security or well-being.

Vision behind Atma Nirbhar Bharat

The Prime Minister, in his address to the nation on 12 May 2020, had announced an unprecedented economic package of Rs 20 lakh crore under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan. This was over and above the Rs 1.7 lakh crore that had been announced earlier for providing relief to those affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The announcement of this massive economic package was made with a view to making India self-reliant and Atma Nirbhar.

The lockdown imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic had brought the economy to a standstill. In order to revive the economy and make it Atma Nirbhar, the government has rolled out several measures under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyaan. These include:

1) Providing direct cash transfers and food security measures for the poor and vulnerable sections of society;

2) Enhancing credit availability for businesses;

3) Deferring tax payments and increasing liquidity in the system;

4) Boosting indigenous manufacturing and production;

5) Relaxing foreign direct investment norms; and

6) Encouraging research & development in cutting-edge technologies.

Benefits of Atma Nirbhar Bharat

The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, has been advocating for an Atma Nirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India) since he took office in 2014. The COVID-19 pandemic has further pushed the need for self-reliance, as many countries have been forced to re-evaluate their supply chains and reliance on other nations.

There are many benefits to an Atma Nirbhar Bharat, including:

1. Increased employment opportunities: With more businesses choosing to set up or expand operations in India, there will be a need for more employees. This can help to reduce unemployment levels in the country.

2. Improved infrastructure: Infrastructure development is necessary to support the growth of businesses in India. Improved infrastructure can lead to better connectivity, which can boost trade and commerce.

3. Enhanced economic growth: A self-reliant India will be able to better withstand external shocks and promote sustainable economic growth. This can help to reduce poverty levels and improve living standards across the country.

4. Greater self-sufficiency: By becoming more self-reliant, India can become less dependent on other nations for its needs. This can help to build a stronger and more resilient economy that is less susceptible to external shocks.

Challenges and Opportunities Ahead

Since its independence in 1947, India has been a democracy with a parliamentary system and federal structure. The Constitution of India, the supreme law of the land, sets out the framework for the country’s governance.

The President of India is the head of state, while the Prime Minister is the head of government. The Parliament is bicameral, comprising the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States).

The judiciary is independent of the executive and legislature. The highest court is the Supreme Court of India, followed by various High Courts for each state or union territory. There is also a system of district courts and magistrate courts to hear cases at a lower level.

India’s federal structure means that there are 28 states and 8 union territories, each with their own governments. This can lead to some duplication of effort and inconsistency in policymaking. For example, there are separate education ministries at the central and state levels.

The country faces many challenges, including poverty, illiteracy, corruption, environmental degradation, terrorism, and communal violence. There are also opportunities for growth and development, such as in infrastructure, education, healthcare, and clean energy.

Addressing these challenges will require cooperation between different levels of government as well as between different sectors within society. It will also require effective implementation of policies and programs.


The concept of Atma Nirbhar Bharat is an invaluable one and it is essential that we all strive to make this a reality. We must embrace the idea of self-reliance by utilizing our skills, resources and knowledge to support India’s growth. Additionally, it is crucial for us to demand transparency from our government so as to ensure that we are taking measures that truly benefit the nation in its entirety. By doing this, we can create a more secure future for ourselves and the generations to come.


When it comes to writing an essay on Atma Nirbhar Bharat, there are a few reference points that can be extremely helpful. First and foremost, the official website for the Ministry of Finance is a great place to start. This website includes a range of resources, including background information on the concept of Atma Nirbhar Bharat, as well as specific policy initiatives that have been undertaken in order to promote this goal.

In addition, a number of other websites provide useful information on this topic. The website for NITI Aayog, the government think tank responsible for formulating many of the key policies relating to Atma Nirbhar Bharat, is another excellent source of information. This site includes extensive details on the various programs and schemes that have been launched under this initiative, as well as regular updates on progress made towards achieving the goals of Atma Nirbhar Bharat.

Finally, a range of news outlets also provide regular coverage of developments related to Atma Nirbhar Bharat. These can be useful for staying up-to-date with the latest news and developments related to this initiative, and for getting a range of different perspectives on the progress being made.

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