Essay On Farmers Suicide In India

Short Essay On Farmers Suicide In India

Farmers’ suicides have been a major issue in India, with thousands of farmers taking their lives each year due to various reasons such as debt, crop failure, and lack of government support.

Debt is a major contributor to farmers’ suicides, with many farmers borrowing money from moneylenders at high interest rates to purchase seeds, fertilizers, and other inputs for their farms. When crops fail due to natural calamities or other reasons, these farmers are unable to repay their debts, which leads to a vicious cycle of debt and desperation.

Another factor is the lack of government support for farmers. In many cases, the government does not provide adequate compensation for crop failures or provide sufficient support for farmers to purchase seeds and other inputs. In addition, the government does not provide enough support for farmers to market their products, leading to low prices and poor profits.

Moreover, the climate change is making agriculture increasingly unpredictable, with unpredictable weather patterns and droughts becoming more frequent, which leads to crop failures and further financial stress for farmers.

To address this issue, the government needs to take several steps. First, it should provide better support for farmers, including financial assistance, better access to credit, and better marketing support. Second, it should provide adequate compensation for crop failures and invest in research and development to help farmers adapt to changing weather patterns. Third, it should work to address the root causes of farmer debt, including improving access to credit and reducing the cost of inputs.

In conclusion, farmers’ suicides are a major issue in India, and require a comprehensive and multi-faceted approach to address. By providing better support for farmers, reducing the cost of inputs, and addressing the root causes of debt, the government can help reduce the number of farmers who take their own lives each year.

Long Essay On Farmers Suicide In India

India has seen a rise in the number of farmer suicides, a phenomenon that has become a major concern for the country. In this essay, we explore the causes and effects of this issue, as well as examining potential solutions to the problem. By looking at case studies from different parts of India, we can gain an understanding of how this tragedy is impacting thousands of families across the country.

Introduction: Overview of the Situation

In India, farmers suicides have been a serious problem for many years. In fact, they have been the leading cause of death among farmers in India since 1995. The main reasons for farmer suicides in India are financial problems, crop failure, and indebtedness.

In recent years, the number of farmer suicides in India has been on the rise. According to data from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of farmer suicides in India increased by 11.2% from 2013 to 2014. In 2015, the number of farmer suicides increased by 9.4% to 11,370.

The majority of farmers who commit suicide in India are small and marginal farmers. Small and marginal farmers account for about 70% of the total farming population in India but they only own around 30% of the total land area under cultivation. As a result, they are more vulnerable to economic shocks such as crop failure and price fluctuation

Causes of Farmer Suicides in India

Since the early 1990s, farmer suicides have been a regular occurrence in India. While the reasons for why farmers are driven to suicide are complex and varied, there are some common threads that can be identified.

One of the primary causes of farmer suicides in India is the high level of debt that many farmers find themselves in. With small landholdings and little saved up in terms of capital, farmers often have to take out loans to finance their operations. However, when crop yields are low or prices for produce drop, they can find themselves unable to repay these loans, leading to a cycle of debt that can be impossible to break free from.

In addition, the vagaries of weather can also lead to poor harvests and financial ruin for farmers. Drought is a particular problem in many parts of India, and even one bad season can put a farmer behind financially. With little buffer to fall back on, many farmers see suicide as their only way out when faced with financial difficulties.

The Indian government has tried to address the issue of farmer suicides through various initiatives, but so far these have had limited success. While providing financial assistance to families affected by farmer suicides is important, more needs to be done to address the underlying causes of this problem. Only then will the tragic cycle of farmer suicides be broken.

Impact on Rural Families and Communities

The problem of farmer suicides in India is not only an agricultural problem, but also a rural development and social issue. The problem has its roots in the low level of development in rural areas, which leads to poor economic conditions and a lack of opportunities for farmers. This, in turn, leads to a vicious cycle of debt and despair, which can often result in suicide.

The problem of farmer suicides is particularly acute in the states of Maharashtra and Karnataka, where the majority of farmer suicides have been reported. In Maharashtra, the number of farmer suicides increased from 2,413 in 2001 to 4,291 in 2006. In Karnataka, the number of farmer suicides increased from 1,569 in 2001 to 3,949 in 2006. The total number of farmer suicides in India was 11,772 in 2006.

The impact of farmer suicides on rural families and communities is devastating. Families lose their primary breadwinner and are plunged into poverty. Communities lose a valuable member and are left to cope with the loss. The ripple effect of these losses is felt throughout the entire community, as everyone struggles to cope with the loss.

Suggested Solutions to Alleviate the Problem

It is estimated that more than 3,00,000 farmers have committed suicide in India since 1995. The reasons for farmer suicides are many and complex, but there are some suggested solutions that could help alleviate the problem.

One suggestion is for the government to invest in better infrastructure and support systems for farmers. This includes things like improved irrigation systems, storage facilities, and access to credit. The government could also provide more information and resources to farmers so they can better understand how to use new technology and best practices.

Another suggestion is for corporate investors to take a more long-term view when it comes to agriculture. They should focus on working with smallholder farmers and supporting them with things like fair prices, technical assistance, and credit access. There should also be more transparency around contracts so farmers know what they’re signing up for.

NGOs and other civil society organizations also have a role to play in alleviating the problem of farmer suicides. They can provide support in terms of financial assistance, counseling services, and advocacy work.

Ultimately, it will take a multi-pronged approach to address the issue of farmer suicides in India. By investing in better infrastructure and support systems, taking a long-term view on agriculture, and providing more financial assistance and counseling services, we can start to make a difference for these farmers who are struggling to make ends meet.

Government Initiatives to Help Farmers

In India, farmers suicide is a big problem. The government has been trying to help farmers by giving them subsidies and loans, but these have not been very effective. The government has also launched many schemes to help farmers, but most of these have not been successful.

The government needs to do more to help farmers. It should provide them with better subsidies and loans, and it should launch more successful schemes to help them.

How Can We Help Farmers?

The farmer suicide rate in India has been increasing at an alarming rate. In 2015, the National Crime Records Bureau reported that over 12,000 farmers had committed suicide. This is a huge number, and it’s only increasing. There are many reasons why farmers are committing suicide, but one of the biggest reasons is the lack of support they’re receiving from the government.

The government needs to do more to help farmers. They need to provide them with financial assistance, crop insurance, and access to better seeds and technology. They also need to create more jobs in rural areas so that farmers have an alternative to farming.

Farmers suicides is a big problem in India, and it’s only going to get worse unless the government does something to help.


Farmers suicides in India are one of the biggest tragedies our country has faced, and it is essential that we work together to develop solutions and create a better future for the farmers. We must understand their sufferings, improve their economic situation, provide them access to credit facilities, increase awareness about mental health issues among rural communities, and formulate policies that help them cope with their financial problems. It will take time and effort but eventually this problem can be solved if all stakeholders come together in solidarity and determination.

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