Essay On Gandhi Jayanti

Short Essay On Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday celebrated in India on October 2nd to mark the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as the “Father of the Nation”. Gandhi played a crucial role in India’s independence movement against British rule and was a strong advocate of non-violent civil disobedience.

Gandhi was born in 1869 in Porbandar, a coastal town in the state of Gujarat, India. He studied law in England and returned to India in 1915 to lead the independence movement. He used nonviolent tactics such as civil disobedience, protests, and hunger strikes to bring attention to the cause of Indian independence. Gandhi’s philosophy of non-violence inspired many freedom movements around the world, including the civil rights movement in the United States.

Gandhi Jayanti is a day of national pride and remembrance for all Indians. On this day, many events and activities are organized across the country, including parades, speeches, cultural programs, and charity work. Schools and colleges also hold special events to commemorate Gandhi’s life and legacy. People also visit Gandhi memorials and pay their respects to the great leader.

In conclusion, Gandhi Jayanti is an important day in Indian history and a celebration of Gandhi’s life and legacy. His philosophy of non-violence and his contributions to the independence of India continue to inspire people around the world. The celebration of Gandhi Jayanti is a reminder of the importance of peaceful resistance and the power of individual action in bringing about change.

Long Essay On Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is a special occasion celebrated all over India to mark the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, one of the most influential figures in Indian history. In this essay, we will explore why this day is such an important one for Indians, and what values and lessons we can learn from Gandhi’s life and work.


Gandhi Jayanti is a national holiday in India celebrated on 2 October, the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. It commemorates the life and work of Gandhi, who was an influential political leader in the Indian independence movement.

Gandhi is often referred to as “the Father of the Nation” in India, and his birthday is celebrated as a national holiday. There are numerous events and activities organised on Gandhi Jayanti to honour his memory and legacy. These include public speeches, interfaith gatherings, educational programmes, cultural events, and service projects.

Early Life and Education of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He came from a Hindu family. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, was the dewan of Porbandar state. His mother, Putlibai, was a religious woman who fasted regularly.

Gandhi was educated at local schools in Rajkot and later attended Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. In 1888, he went to England to study law at the Inner Temple. While in London, he read Hindu scriptures and came under the influence of Leo Tolstoy and John Ruskin. He also joined the Vegetarian Society.

After returning to India in 1891, Gandhi started practicing law in Bombay (now Mumbai). He also advocated for the rights of Indians living in South Africa who were facing discrimination by the British colonial government. In 1915, he returned to India and led the Indian National Congress (INC) party for independence from British rule.

Contributions of Mahatma Gandhi in Indian Freedom Movement

Mahatma Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement. He was born in Pune, India on October 2, 1869, into a Hindu family. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. As a young man, he studied law in London and then returned to India to begin his legal practice. However, he soon became more interested in politics and joined the Indian National Congress party.

Gandhi began his political career by fighting for the rights of Indians who were living in South Africa. He spent 21 years there, from 1893 to 1914, working to improve their conditions. He also wrote a book called Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule, which laid out his vision for an independent India.

When World War I broke out, Gandhi urged Indians to support the British war effort in order to gain their trust and cooperation. After the war, he continued his fight for independence using peaceful methods of protest such as civil disobedience and satyagraha (nonviolent resistance). These techniques were very successful in winning over public opinion both inside and outside of India.

On January 26, 1930, Gandhi led a march to the sea to collect salt in defiance of the British-imposed salt tax. This event came to be known as the Salt March and it helped rally support for the independence movement. In 1932, Gandhi launched a hunger strike to protest British policies that discriminated against Hindus. This too helped garner public support for independence.

Ideas of Nonviolence & Satyagraha

There are many different ideas of nonviolence and satyagraha, but they all have one common goal: to achieve justice through peaceful means. Nonviolent resistance is a powerful weapon against oppression and injustice, and has been used successfully throughout history to bring about social change.

The concept of satyagraha, or truth-force, was developed by Mahatma Gandhi as a way to resist British colonialism in India. Satyagraha is based on the belief that truth is more powerful than violence, and that nonviolent resistance can lead to positive social change. Gandhi used satyagraha to great effect in his campaigns for Indian independence and civil rights.

Today, the ideas of nonviolence and satyagraha continue to be relevant in our fight for justice and equality. In a world where violence is all too common, we must remember that peace is possible. We must stand up against hatred and bigotry with the power of love and compassion. We must never give up on our quest for a more just and peaceful world.

Principles of Truth and Ahimsa

There are two main principles that Gandhi Jayanti celebrates: truth and non-violence. Gandhi believed in truthfulness and honesty in all aspects of life, as well as the need for people to be nonviolent in their interactions with others. He felt that these principles were essential for creating a just and peaceful society. Gandhi Jayanti therefore promotes these values as a way to achieve a more harmonious world.

Major Achievements or Awards Received by Gandhi Ji

-Gandhi Ji was the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948
-He was named Time Magazine’s Man of the Year in 1930
-Gandhi Ji was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor, in 1948
-He was also honored with the Rafto Prize for Human Rights in 1989
-Gandhi Ji was awarded a knighthood by the British Government in 1915, but he later renounced it in 1922.

Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi in India and Abroad

Mahatma Gandhi is one of the most influential figures in history. He is best known for leading the Indian independence movement against British colonialism through nonviolent civil disobedience. After years of peaceful protests and resistance, Gandhi helped lead India to independence in 1947.

Gandhi’s legacy extends far beyond his role in Indian independence. He is also celebrated as a champion of human rights and social justice. His philosophy of nonviolent resistance has inspired people around the world, from civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. to anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela.

Gandhi’s birthday, October 2nd, is now a national holiday in India known as Gandhi Jayanti. On this day, Indians honor Gandhi’s memory and celebrate his many contributions to their country and the world.

Celebration of Gandhi Jayanti across India

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated across India on October 2nd every year in honour of Mahatma Gandhi, who is considered the Father of the Nation. The day marks his birth anniversary and is a national holiday.

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with great fanfare across the length and breadth of India. In Mumbai, the city where Gandhi was born, special events are held at Mani Bhavan, the museum dedicated to him, and at Sabarmati Ashram, his former residence. In Delhi, the capital city, a grand procession starts from Raj Ghat, Gandhi’s memorial site, and proceeds to India Gate. People carry placards and banners with slogans extolling Gandhi’s ideals of truth, non-violence and communal harmony.

In all states and union territories of India, official functions are held to remember Gandhi’s contributions to the nation. Government buildings are lit up in his honour and programmes highlighting his life and work are broadcast on television and radio. Schools and colleges hold special assemblies where students dress up as Gandhi and give speeches about his life. Essay competitions and art contests on the theme of Gandhian principles are also organized on this day.

In small towns and villages too, people come together to celebrate Gandhi Jayanti. A common sight is that of people carrying out cleanliness drives or tree plantation programmes in memory of Gandhi’s efforts to make India a cleaner and greener place. On this day, we pledge to follow in the footsteps of the Mahatma, and strive to create a better world for future generations.


We must all remember the values and principles that Gandhi stood for, such as non-violence, peace, justice and respect. As we celebrate Gandhi Jayanti every year, let us take a moment to reflect on his legacy and remind ourselves of the importance of these ideas in our society today. Celebrating this day is an important way to honor the man’s contribution towards India’s independence struggle and it should be done with utmost reverence. Let us vow to live like Mahatma Gandhi did – with honesty, integrity and courage – having faith in the power of love.

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