Essay On Jawaharlal Nehru

Short Essay On Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was a prominent Indian independence leader and the first Prime Minister of independent India. Born in 1889 in Allahabad, Nehru was the son of a wealthy lawyer and politician. He was educated in England, where he studied law and became involved in the Indian independence movement.

Nehru was a charismatic leader who was instrumental in securing India’s independence from British rule. He was a strong advocate of non-violence and worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi to achieve independence. After independence, Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India and held the position for 17 years.

During his tenure, Nehru implemented a number of far-reaching economic and social reforms aimed at modernizing and industrializing India. He also played a crucial role in shaping India’s foreign policy, aligning the country with the non-aligned movement and promoting peace and stability in the region.

Nehru is often referred to as the “architect of modern India,” due to his contributions to the country’s economic and political development. He is remembered for his vision of a secular, democratic and socialist India, as well as for his commitment to the principles of non-violence and peace.

In conclusion, Jawaharlal Nehru was a visionary leader who played a pivotal role in securing India’s independence and shaping the country’s future. His legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians and his ideals are still relevant today.

Long Essay On Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the most influential leaders of India during its struggle for independence. He was a statesman, scholar, writer, and was instrumental in shaping India’s future following the country’s freedom from British rule. In this essay, we will explore Jawaharlal Nehru’s life, his vision of India and his legacy that still lives on today.

Introduction to Jawaharlal Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India (1947-64), was also one of the leaders of the Indian independence movement (1857-1947). He was born into a wealthy Kashmiri Brahmin family in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, on 14 November 1889. His father, Motilal Nehru, was a prominent lawyer and politician. His mother, Swaruprani Thussu, was a homemaker. He had two sisters, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit and Krishna Hutheesing.

He was educated at home by private tutors until the age of 15, when he went to England to study at Harrow School and later at Trinity College, Cambridge. After completing his law degree at the Inner Temple in London, he returned to India in 1912 and started practising law in Allahabad.

In 1916, he married Kamala Kaul and they had one daughter, Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (later Indira Gandhi).

In 1919, he joined the Indian National Congress party and became actively involved in politics. He participated in the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22) and the Salt Satyagraha (1930-34), for which he was jailed several times. In 1931, he was elected President of the Congress party.

After India achieved independence from British rule in 1947, Nehru became its first Prime Minister. He is credited with launching India’s modernisation and industrialisation. He also introduced the Five-Year Plans and fostered democracy, secularism and non-alignment in foreign policy. Nehru was a major force in the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Nehru died on 27 May 1964, leaving a lasting legacy to India and its people.

His Early Life and Education

Born in Allahabad on 14 November 1889, Jawaharlal Nehru was the only son of Motilal Nehru (1861–1931), a wealthy barrister who belonged to the Kashmiri Pandit community. Jawaharlal’s mother, Swaruprani Thussu (1868–1938), was a devout Hindu who came from a well-known Kashmiri Brahmin family of scholars and priests. He had an elder sister, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1900–1990), who later became the first female president of the United Nations General Assembly. The Nehru family has been one of the most prominent families in India; their contributions to public life are immense.

Jawaharlal Nehru was educated at home by private tutors until he was fifteen years old. His father wanted him to be brought up as an English gentleman, and he was sent to England to study at Harrow School and then at Trinity College, Cambridge. At Cambridge, Nehru became interested in politics and economics and read widely on these subjects; he also joined the Indian National Congress upon his return to India in 1912. In 1916, he married Kamala Kaul; they had one daughter, Indira (later Indira Gandhi).

His Political Career

Nehru’s political career began when he was elected to the Indian National Congress in 1904. He became a leader of the party in 1921, and served as Congress President from 1929–1931. Nehru was one of the principal leaders of the Indian independence movement, and is considered to be the architect of modern India. He was also known for his espousal of secularism and socialism.

During his time as Congress President, Nehru played a pivotal role in the Salt Satyagraha of 1930 and the Quit India Movement of 1942. He was jailed by British authorities on numerous occasions during the struggle for independence. In December 1929, Nehru was appointed as India’s first Prime Minister by the British Viceroy, Lord Irwin. He held this position until his death in 1964.

As Prime Minister, Nehru oversaw the transition of India from a colony to a republic, and is credited with shaping its foreign policy and domestic agenda. He is also remembered for his implementation of socialist policies, which helped to spur economic development in India. Under Nehru’s leadership, India adopted a constitution and became a member of the United Nations.

Nehru remains an iconic figure in India, and is revered as one of its founding fathers. His birthday, 14 November, is celebrated as National Children’s Day in India.

His Major Achievements

Some of the major achievements of Jawaharlal Nehru during his time as the Prime Minister of India include:

-Successfully leading India through its transition from a British colony to an independent nation.

-Establishing strong relationships with other world leaders, including U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev.

-Working tirelessly to promote India’s economic and industrial development, which helped make the country one of the leading nations in Asia.

-Playing a key role in the creation of the Non-Aligned Movement, which promoted cooperation between countries that were not aligned with either the United States or the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

His Ideas and Philosophy

Jawaharlal Nehru was a man of many ideas and philosophies. He was a strong advocate for democracy and socialism, and he believed in the power of education to change the world. He also believed in the need for India to modernize and industrialize, and he worked hard to make this happen. Nehru’s ideas and philosophies have had a lasting impact on India and the world, and they continue to influence people today.

Impact of his Work on India

Nehru is considered the architect of modern India. Under his guidance, India became a nuclear power and developed a strong economy. He also played a key role in the Non-Aligned Movement. Nehru’s work had a profound impact on India and shaped the country into what it is today.


Jawaharlal Nehru was an inspirational leader and a man of many passions. His dedication to India’s freedom, justice, and equality is still remembered today. He remains one of the most influential figures in Indian history, leaving behind a legacy that continues to inspire generations. His words remain timeless as they continue to guide us through our own struggles for freedom, justice, and liberty. Jawaharlal Nehru’s commitment to his country will never be forgotten.

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