Essay On One Nation One Election

short Essay On One Nation One Election

One Nation One Election is a concept that proposes holding simultaneous elections for the national and state governments in India. This concept has been a topic of debate for several years and has garnered both support and opposition.

Advantages of One Nation One Election include:

  1. Cost savings: Simultaneous elections would save the government and taxpayers a significant amount of money, as the costs associated with separate elections would be reduced.
  2. Improved governance: By reducing the number of election cycles, One Nation One Election would allow the government to focus more on governance and less on election-related activities.
  3. Better allocation of resources: With fewer election cycles, resources could be better allocated towards development and other important initiatives, rather than being spent on election campaigns.
  4. Improved voter turnout: Simultaneous elections could lead to improved voter turnout, as voters would be more likely to participate in a single, larger election cycle.
  5. Increased political stability: By reducing the frequency of elections, One Nation One Election could help to promote political stability, as the government would not be constantly in campaign mode.

However, there are also some disadvantages to the concept of One Nation One Election, including:

  1. Reduced accountability: By holding simultaneous elections, there may be a decrease in accountability, as the government would not be facing elections as frequently.
  2. Difficulty in accommodating state-specific issues: Simultaneous elections may not be able to accommodate the unique issues and concerns of different states, leading to a one-size-fits-all approach to governance.
  3. Potential for increased polarization: One Nation One Election could lead to increased polarization and political polarization, as different regions and communities would have less opportunity to vote on specific issues.
  4. Logistical challenges: Holding simultaneous elections across the country would be a massive logistical challenge, requiring a large amount of resources and coordination.

In conclusion, One Nation One Election is a concept that has both advantages and disadvantages. While it has the potential to improve governance and reduce costs, it also poses significant challenges and risks. The decision to implement One Nation One Election should be based on a careful consideration of the benefits and drawbacks, as well as a thorough analysis of the feasibility and practicality of the concept.

Long Essay On One Nation One Election

India has been a democracy since its independence in 1947. It is the largest democracy in the world with 1.3 billion people. In recent times, there have been several discussions on whether India should have one nation and one election. This essay will discuss the merits and demerits of this concept, looking at the advantages it can bring to Indian citizens and how it can be implemented effectively.


In a federal democracy like India, elections are held at various levels for different purposes. While elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies are for choosing representatives who will make laws on our behalf, local body elections are meant for electing people who will govern and administer at the grassroots level. Similarly, panchayat polls elect members to village councils who will implement development schemes at the village level.

The idea of ‘One Nation One Election’ is not new. It has been advocated by many political leaders and commentators over the years. The argument in favour of holding simultaneous elections is that it would save time and money, and also help reduce the disruption to governance that occurs every time there is an election.

Simultaneous elections were last held in India in the early 1970s. Since then, there have been numerous changes in our electoral system and structure of government, which have made holding simultaneous elections difficult. For instance, after the implementation of the 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution in 1992, a large number of panchayats were created across the country. As a result, the number of tiers of government has increased from two (Lok Sabha and state assemblies) to three (Lok Sabha, state assemblies and panchayats). This has made coordinating simultaneous elections a complex task.

Another reason why holding simultaneous elections is not possible currently is that the terms of different elected bodies end at different times. For example, while the term of the Lok Sabha ends after five years, the term of a state assembly may be for three or four years. This means that even if simultaneous elections were to be held, some of the elected bodies would have to go for re-election before their terms end.

Therefore, while the idea of ‘One Nation One Election’ is attractive, its implementation in India presents numerous challenges which need to be addressed before it can become a reality. In this essay, I will discuss the various advantages and disadvantages associated with simultaneous elections and also examine the various issues that need to be addressed for its successful implementation.
The concept of ‘One Nation One Election’ has gained traction recently with the Government of India setting up a committee to look into the feasibility of simultaneous elections. The committee has submitted its report and made recommendations that need to be examined before any decision is taken in this regard.

What is One Nation One Election?

One Nation One Election is a proposed system of simultaneous elections in India for the national and state levels of government. The system is intended to improve governance by eliminating the need for frequent elections, which are expensive and disruptive to the regular functioning of government. In addition, it is hoped that One Nation One Election will increase voter participation by making it easier for people to cast their ballots.

The concept of One Nation One Election has been around for several years, but has gained momentum in recent years as Indian politicians have begun to seriously explore the possibility of implementing the system. The first major step towards One Nation One Election was taken in September 2016, when the Prime Minister Narendra Modi constituted a high-level committee to study the feasibility of the idea. The committee’s report is expected to be submitted soon, after which a decision will be made on whether or not to proceed with implementation.

If implemented, One Nation One Election would be a major change to the way elections are currently conducted in India. Under the current system, there are multiple levels of government – central, state, and local – each of which has its own election cycle. This can lead to situations where multiple elections are taking place at different times throughout the year, which can be confusing and inconvenient for voters. Under aOne Nation One Election system, all elections would be held simultaneously on a single day across the country.

There are both supporters and detractors of the proposal to implement One Nation One Election in India. Supporters argue that it would bring efficiency and cost savings to the electoral process, while detractors worry that it could lead to an erosion of local autonomy. Ultimately, only time will tell whether or not One Nation One Election will become a reality in India.

Advantages of One Nation One Election

The process of holding simultaneous elections for the country’s various levels of government is not a new concept. It has been implemented in other democracies like the United States, France, and Brazil. The idea behind it is to save time and resources that would otherwise be spent on holding separate elections. In India, the proposal for One Nation One Election was first put forward by the Law Commission in 1999. The commission had suggested that the country move to a system of “simultaneous polls” whereby all Union and state legislative Assembly elections are held at the same time.

The advantages of implementing One Nation One Election are numerous. Perhaps most importantly, it would lead to considerable savings in terms of both time and money. Currently, the process of conducting separate elections at different times throughout the year is an expensive and logistically complex undertaking. If all elections were held simultaneously, this cost would be greatly reduced.

In addition, holding simultaneous elections would help to ensure that more people actually vote. Turnout tends to be lower when elections are spread out over several months or years, as people become less engaged with the political process and may forget to vote or have difficulty getting to their polling place. By consolidating all elections into one day (or even one week), turnout is likely to increase as people will be more likely to make voting a priority.

Finally, simultaneous elections would allow for better planning and coordination by political parties. Campaigns could be better organized and focused on issues of national importance, rather than on local concerns that may only affect a single state or region. This could help to facilitate the emergence of more unified and effective political platforms.

Disadvantages of One Nation One Election

There are a few disadvantages of holding simultaneous elections for the Lok Sabha and state legislatures. Firstly, it would be a massive exercise in terms of logistics and manpower. The Election Commission would need to deploy additional personnel and resources for the conduct of polls. Secondly, the model code of conduct would have to be enforced for a longer period of time, which could lead to disruptive activities by political parties during the election period. Thirdly, the cost of holding simultaneous elections would be very high. Fourthly, it might not be feasible to hold elections in all states at the same time due to differences in their Assembly schedules. Finally, the idea of One Nation One Election goes against the federal structure of our Constitution.

Arguments for and Against the Implementation of one nation one election

There are arguments for and against the implementation of one nation one election in India. The main argument in favor of this change is that it would lead to a more efficient government. Currently, there are separate state and national elections, which can be costly and time-consuming. If all elections were held at the same time, it would save money and resources. Additionally, it would allow for more focus on governing instead of campaigning.

The main argument against implementing one nation one election is that it could centralize power too much. Critics worry that if the national government controls when all elections are held, they could use this power to manipulate the outcome in their favor. They also believe that holding all elections at once would be logistically challenging and could lead to voter fatigue.

Impact of one nation one election on democracy

The effects of holding simultaneous elections for the Lok Sabha and state legislatures are manifold. They would lead to a more effective and cohesive democracy, end the practice of horse-trading and defection, save money and increase participation.

The main argument in favour of One Nation One Election is that it will lead to a more effective democracy. This is because, at present, the cycle of elections in India is such that every year, some part of the country is going to the polls. This means that the attention of both the government and the people is divided.Simultaneous elections will mean that the entire country will be focusing on one election at one time. This will lead to a more informed electorate as well as a more responsive government.

Another positive impact of holding simultaneous elections is that it will put an end to the practice of horse-trading and defection. Presently, MLAs and MPs often defect from their parties to join another party or become Independent in order to further their own interests. This leads to a lot of instability in our democracy. However, if all elections are held simultaneously, then there will be no scope for defections as MLAs and MPs will have to contest on the symbol of their party.

Additionally, holding simultaneous elections will also save a lot of money. At present, we spend crores of rupees on each separate election. If all these elections are held together, then we can save a significant amount of money which can be used for developmental purposes.

Finally, simultaneous elections will also increase the participation of voters. This is because, if all elections are held at the same time, then more people will be motivated to vote as they can cast their ballots for several elections at once. This will lead to higher voter turnout and a more informed electorate.

Overall, One Nation One Election has the potential to lead to a more effective and cohesive democracy in India. It should be implemented in order to strengthen our democracy and make it more responsive to the needs of the people.


It is clear from the above discussion that a ‘One Nation One Election’ policy in India could prove to be immensely beneficial for our country. It would give us an opportunity to save both time and money, as well as offer greater stability and consistency in terms of governance. Additionally, it would also help reduce political instability by reducing the number of elections being held each year. However, this idea needs further exploration before it can be implemented successfully.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *